One of the challenges of the UAW (and other unions in their respective branches) is that employers try to circumvent the terms of the collective agreement by creating new operations outside the scope of the agreement. For example, GM founded a new company with its partner LG Chem, Lordstown Motors to build a new facility next to the existing plant in Lordstown, Ohio, instead of working at the Lordstown plant as part of the 2012 UAW agreement.27 union negotiations can influence wage fixing in the non-union sector in two ways that go in opposite directions Companies, in their desire to reduce costs and increase profits. , regularly replace U.S. professionals with immigrant visa workers like H-1B. Immigrant workers in these programs are easily exploited because they are generally paid below market wages and are unable to apply for another job. In addition, employers control their visas and work permits, which means that most immigrant workers probably do not talk about poor working conditions or cooperate with the authorities after a complaint has been filed. Engineers and other specialists from the International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers (IFPTE) have been working to reform these visa programs to protect immigrant and U.S. employees and to ensure that companies are not encouraged to use these programs to reduce under-utilization of American workers and exploit immigrant workers. [xvii] Through union membership and collective bargaining, professionals gain a voice in the way wages are set. Many collective agreements set guaranteed minimum wages for different positions as well as annual minimum wage increases. Individual employees can then negotiate a higher salary based on individual benefits, past experience or other factors. For many professionals, union membership can mean the difference between the salary enough to support their family and the livelihood to pay.
In 24 states, workers working in a unionized company may be required to participate in representation fees (for example. B for disciplinary hearings) if their colleagues negotiated a union security clause in their contract with management. The fee is usually 1 to 2% of the salary. However, union members and other employees receive on average a wage increase of 5 to 10% compared to their non-unionized (or unsured) colleagues.  Some states, particularly in the southern parts of the central and southeastern United States, have banned union security clauses; This can be controversial because it allows some net beneficiaries of the union contract to avoid paying their share of the cost of contract negotiations.