On 26 March 2014, Federal Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel wrote an open letter to EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht, in which he said that investment protection was a central sensitive issue that could ultimately decide whether a transatlantic free trade agreement would be approved by Germany. He also noted that there was no need for investment arbitration procedures between countries with well-developed legal systems. CETA will create a regulatory cooperation forum to examine regulatory policy issues of common interest and develop bilateral cooperation activities. By encouraging cooperation earlier in the regulatory process, the forum should improve information exchange between Canadian and European regulators, facilitate the development of more compatible regulatory measures, reduce trade barriers and facilitate EU trade in Canada. The forum is a voluntary cooperation mechanism and any initiative that changes EU rules can only be introduced and pursued outside CETA, in accordance with ordinary legislative procedure. BRUSSELS (Reuters) – The European Union and Canada signed a free trade agreement on Sunday that is expected to create jobs and growth, while some 40 national and regional parliaments still need to be closed in Europe in the coming years for them to fully enter into force. If the UK were to leave the EU without a deal: another example of a trade barrier in Canada is public procurement. At present, European companies are hampered by tenders by provincial and territorial governments for the provision of goods and services. In the case of the Montreal metro, for example, the contract was first awarded to Bombardier Transport and the European company Alstom was not even invited to make an offer.
While the WTO requires its members to treat foreign firms in the same way as their domestic firms when it comes to doing business with the government, these rules apply only to the federal government in Canada; they do not apply to provincial, territorial or local governments. Canada obtained this WTO waiver, but exclusion has become a priority for fierce criticism within the EU. (The recently announced Canada-U.S. agreement on the “Buy America” tax policy regime addresses the same topic.) The Europeans have made it clear that Canada must renounce this exclusion if negotiations on an economic partnership agreement are to have a chance of success. “We are convinced that trade is good for the middle class (…) will ensure that everyone gets that this is a good thing for our economies and that it is also a good thing for the world,” Trudeau said. In addition to taking into account the economic and trade impact of an economic partnership agreement, the joint study sought to highlight the current trade and investment barriers between Canada and the EU. For example, each Canadian province has different rules, which involve different requirements for recognition of professional qualifications, licensing and accreditation. These regulatory differences are an obstacle to labour mobility and have a negative impact on trade in services. This means that currently, European engineers who wish to offer their services in Canada must comply with 10 different regulations.